Perfiles estructurales

Los perfiles estructurales son aquellos en los cuales se pueden usar en piezas de construcción, manufactura y fábricas con alto rendimiento.

Ángulos

Propiedad de diseño y dimensiones.

MEDIDA ESTANDAR

PESO TEORICO

AREA

EJES X-X y Y-Y

EJES Z-Z

I

S

R

X=y

R min.

 

Pulg.

 

mm

Kg/m

kg/pza. *

cm2

cm4

cm3

cm

cm 

cm

1/8”

3/4″

3.18

19.1

0.88

5.368

1.11

0.37

0.28

0.58

0.58

0.38

1″

25.4

1.19

7.259

1.52

0.92

0.51

0.79

0.76

0.48

1 1/4

31.8

1.50

9.15

1.93

1.83

0.80

0.97

0.89

0.60

1 1/2

38.1

1.83

11.163

2.34

3.25

1.18

1.17

1.07

0.73

1 3/4

44.5

2.14

13.054

2.74

5.41

1.64

1.40

1.22

0.86

2″

50.8

2.46

15.006

3.10

7.91

2.13

1.60

1.40

0.99

5/32″

1 1/2

4.06

38.1

2.28

13.908

2.91

3.95

1.47

1.16

1.09

0.80

2″

50.8

3.09

18.849

3.95

9.73

2.71

1.57

1.40

1.05

2 1/2

63.5

3.92

23.912

5.01

19.48

4.34

1.97

1.70

1.24

3/16″

1″

4.76

25.4

1.73

10.553

2.21

1.24

0.72

0.76

0.81

0.48

1 1/4″

31.8

2.20

13.420

2.79

2.54

1.16

0.97

0.97

0.60

1 ½»

38.1

2.68

16.348

3.43

4.58

1.64

1.17

1.12

0.73

1 3/4″

44.5

3.15

19.215

4.03

7.49

2.29

1.37

1.30

0.86

2″

50.8

3.63

22.143

4.61

11.45

3.11

1.57

1.45

0.99

2 1/2″

63.5

4.61

28.121

5.81

22.89

4.92

1.98

1.75

1.24

3″

76.2

5.52

33.672

7.03

40.01

7.22

2.39

2.08

1.51

3 1/2″

88.9

6.55

39.955

8.36

64.36

9.92

2.78

2.40

1.76

1/4″

1″

6.35

25.40

2.22

13.542

2.80

1.54

0.92

0.74

0.86

0.48

1 1/4″

31.80

2.86

17.446

3.72

3.21

1.49

0.94

1.02

0.60

1 ½»

38.10

3.48

21.228

4.40

5.83

2.20

1.14

1.19

0.73

1 3/4″

44.50

4.12

25.132

5.20

9.57

3.11

1.35

1.65

0.86

2″

50.80

4.75

28.975

6.06

14.57

4.10

1.55

1.50

0.99

2 1/2″

63.50

6.10

37.210

7.68

29.14

6.39

1.96

1.83

1.24

3″

76.20

7.29

44.469

9.29

51.60

9.50

2.36

2.13

1.49

3 1/2″

88.90

8.63

52.643

10.90

83.66

13.01

2.77

2.46

1.76

4″

101.60

9.82

59.902

12.52

124.90

17.20

3.18

2.77

2.00

5/16″

2″

7.94

50.80

5.83

35.563

7.42

17.46

4.92

1.52

1.55

0.99

2 ½

63.50

7.44

45.384

9.48

35.38

7.87

1.93

1.88

1.24

3″

76.20

9.08

55.388

11.48

62.90

11.60

2.34

2.21

1.47

3 ½

88.90

10.71

35.331

13.48

101.95

16.00

2.74

2.51

1.75

4″

101.60

12.20

74.420

15.48

154.40

21.10

3.15

2.84

2.00

5″

127.00

15.47

94.367

19.72

310.91

34.62

3.97

3.44

2.62

3/8″

2″

9.52

50.80

6.99

42.639

8.77

19.98

5.74

1.50

1.63

0.99

2 ½»

63.50

8.78

53.558

11.16

40.79

9.34

1.91

1.93

1.24

3″

76.20

10.72

65.392

13.61

73.30

13.60

2.31

2.26

1.47

3 ½»

88.90

12.65

77.168

16.00

119.46

18.84

2.72

2.57

1.74

4″

101.60

14.58

88.938

18.45

181.50

24.90

3.12

2.89

1.98

5″

127.00

18.30

111.630

23.29

363.80

39.70

9.36

3.53

2.52

6″

152.40

22.17

135.237

28.13

640.60

57.80

4.78

4.16

3.05

7/16″

4″

11.11

101.60

16.82

102.602

21.35

206.90

28.70

3.12

2.94

1.98

5″

127.00

21.28

129.808

26.97

417.10

45.70

3.94

3.58

2.52

6″

152.40

25.60

156.16

32.65

735.90

66.70

4.75

4.22

3.02

1/2″

3″

12.70

76.20

13.99

82.339

17.74

83.40

17.50

2.29

2.36

1.47

3 1/2″

88.90

16.52

10.772

20.97

151.51

24.41

2.69

2.69

1.73

42

101.60

19.05

116.205

24.19

231.40

32.30

3.10

2.99

1.98

5″

127.00

24.11

147.071

30.65

468.30

51.60

3.91

3.63

2.49

6″

152.40

29.17

177.937

37.10

828.70

75.50

4.72

4.27

2.99

5/8″

4″

15.88

101.60

23.36

142.496

35.10

318.80

46.00

3.05

3.12

1.98

6″

152.40

36.01

216.661

45.87

1005.60

92.80

4.67

4.39

2.99

3/4″

6″

19.05

152.40

42.71

260.531

54.45

1171.70

109.10

4.65

4.52

2.98

* El peso por pieza corresponde a un tramo de 6.10 mts. de longitud

Canales CPS

Propiedad de diseño y dimensiones.

PERALTE

PATÍN

PESO

ÁREA

ESPESORES

EJE X – X

EJE Y – Y

DISTANCIA

pulg.

mm

mm

kg/m

kg/pza.

cm2

ALMA

PATÍN

S cm3

I cm4

r cm

S cm3

I cm4

r cm

X cm

mm

mm

3" L

76.20

35.81

5.21

63.56

6.68

3.17

6.45

16.31

62.27

3.06

2.87

7.03

1.03

1.04

3"

76.20

35.81

6.10

74.42

7.68

4.32

6.93

17.90

68.10

2.97

3.40

8.30

1.04

1.12

4" L

101.60

40.23

6.70

81.74

8.54

4.42

5.59

25.20

128.12

3.89

2.98

9.53

1.06

0.92

4"

101.60

40.23

8.04

98.08

10.00

4.67

7.52

31.10

157.90

3.97

4.70

13.30

1.15

1.17

6" L

152.20

48.77

12.20

148.84

15.35

5.08

8.71

71.00

541.00

5.94

8.20

29.10

1.38

1.32

6" SP

152.20

51.66

15.62

190.56

19.81

7.98

8.71

82.50

628.50

5.64

9.34

36.21

1.35

1.27

6" P

152.20

54.79

19.34

235.94

24.71

11.10

8.71

95.00

724.20

5.41

10.52

43.70

1.33

1.31

8" L

203.20

57.40

17.11

208.74

21.81

5.60

9.91

133.40

1356.90

7.90

12.80

54.94

1.59

1.45

8" SP

203.20

59.51

20.46

249.61

26.06

7.70

9.91

148.00

1502.60

759.00

13.99

63.68

1.56

1.40

8" P

203.20

64.19

27.90

340.38

35.55

12.37

9.91

180.30

1831.40

7.16

16.55

82.41

1.52

1.44

10"

254.00

66.04

22.80

278.16

28.97

6.10

11.07

221.20

2805.40

9.83

19.01

94.90

1.81

1.61

10"

254.00

69.57

29.80

363.56

37.94

9.63

11.07

258.90

3284.10

9.30

21.63

116.96

1.76

1.54

10"

254.00

73.30

37.20

453.84

47.42

13.36

11.07

298.20

3796.00

8.94

24.25

139.85

1.72

1.57

10"

254.00

77.04

44.70

545.34

56.90

17.09

11.07

339.20

4287.20

8.69

27.04

164.00

1.70

1.65

12"

304.80

74.73

30.80

375.76

39.29

7.16

12.72

352.30

5369.40

11.71

28.35

161.50

2.03

1.77

12"

304.80

77.39

37.20

453.84

47.42

9.83

12.72

394.90

5993.70

11.25

30.81

186.06

1.98

1.71

12"

304.80

80.52

44.70

545.34

56.90

12.95

12.72

442.50

6742.90

10.90

33.76

213.94

1.94

1.70

Cuadrados

Propiedad de diseño y dimensiones.

Medida Estándar

DIMENSIONES (a)

PESO TEÓRICO

ÁREA DE LA SECCIÓN

Pulg.

mm

kg/m

kg/pieza *

pulg2

mm2

3/8″

0.375

9.5

0.712

4.34

0.14

90.73

1/2″

0.500

12.7

1.266

7.72

0.25

161.29

5/8″

0.625

15.9

1.978

12.1

0.39

252.02

3/4″

0.750

19.1

2.848

17.4

0.56

362.90

1″

1.000

25.4

5.060

30.9

1.00

645.16

1 1/4″

1.250

31.8

7.906

48.2

1.56

1,008.06

1 1/2″

1.500

38.1

11.395

69.5

2.25

1.451.61

2″

2.000

50.8

20.240

123.5

4.00

2,580.64

2 1/2″

2.500

63.5

31.620

192.9

6.25

4,032.25

3″

3.000

76.2

45.530

277.7

9.00

5,806.44

El peso por pieza corresponde a un tramo de 6.10 mts. de longitud.

Redondos

Propiedad de diseño y dimensiones.

Medida Estándar

Dimensiones (d)

Peso teórico

Área de selección

Pulg.

mm.

Kg/m

Kg/pieza*

Pulg2

Mm2

3/8”

0.375

9.5

0.559

3.41

0.11

71.26

7/16”

0.438

11.1

0.761

4.64

0.15

97.21

1/2”

0.500

12.7

0.994

6.063

0.20

126.68

9/16”

0.562

14.3

1.257

7.668

0.25

160.05

5/8”

0.625

15.9

1.552

9.467

0.31

197.93

11/16”

0.688

17.5

1.878

11.456

0.37

239.84

3/4”

0.750

19.1

2.235

13.634

0.44

285.02

13/16”

0.812

20.6

2.624

16.006

0.52

334.10

7/8”

0.875

22.2

3.042

18.556

0.60

387.95

15/16”

0.938

23.8

3.493

21.307

0.69

445.82

1”

1.000

25.4

3.974

24.241

0.79

506.71

1 1/16”

1.062

27.0

4.486

27.365

0.89

571.50

1 1/8”

1.125

28.6

5.029

30.677

0.99

641.3

1 3/16”

1.188

30.2

5.605

34191

1.11

715.13

1 1/4″

1.250

31.8

6.211

37.887

1.23

791.73

1 5/16”

1.312

33.3

6.846

41.761

1.35

872.23

1 3/8”

1.375

34.9

7.47

45.567

1.48

958.00

1 1/2″

1.500

38.1

8.942

54.546

1.77

1,140.09

1 9/16”

1.562

39.7

9.704

59.194

1.92

1,236.30

1 3/4”

1.750

44.5

12.17

74.237

2.41

1,551.80

1 13/16”

1.812

46

13.06

79.666

2.58

1,663.71

2”

2.000

50.8

15.9

96.99

3.14

2,026.83

2 1/8”

2.125

54

17.95

109.495

3.55

2,288.11

2 1/4″

2.250

57.2

20.12

122.732

3.98

2,565.21

2 1/2″

2.500

63.5

24.84

151.524

4.91

3,166.93

Soleras

Soleras (tabla de solera plana)

MEDIDA
ESTÁNDAR axb

PESO TEÓRICO

ÁREA

Pulg.

mm

kg/m

kg/pza. *

pulg2

mm2

1/8″

1/2″

3.175

12.7

0.317

1.93

0.063

40.3

3/4″

19.1

0.476

2.90

0.094

60.6

1″

25.4

0.633

3.86

0.125

80.6

1 1/4″

31.7

0.790

4.82

0.156

100.6

1 1/2″

38.1

0.950

5.79

0.188

121.0

2″

50.8

1.266

7.72

0.250

161.3

2 1/2″

63.5

1.583

9.65

0.313

201.6

3″

76.2

1.899

11.59

0.375

241.9

3/16″

1/2″

4.775

12.7

0.476

2.90

0.094

60.6

3/4″

19.1

0.716

4.37

0.141

91.2

1″

25.4

0.952

5.81

0.188

121.3

1 1/4″

31.7

1.188

7.25

0.235

151.4

1 1/2″

38.1

1.428

8.71

0.282

181.9

2″

50.8

1.904

11.61

0.376

242.6

2 1/2″

63.5

2.380

14.52

0.470

303.2

3″

76.2

2.856

17.42

0.564

363.9

4″

101.6

3.808

23.23

0.752

485.1

5″

127.0

4.760

29.04

0.940

606.4

6″

152.4

5.712

34.84

1.128

727.7

1/4″

1/2″

6.350

12.7

0.633

3.86

0.125

80.6

3/4″

19.1

0.952

5.81

0.188

121.3

1″

25.4

1.266

7.72

0.250

161.3

1 1/4″

31.7

1.580

9.64

0.312

201.3

1 1/2″

38.1

1.899

11.58

0.375

241.9

2″

50.8

2.532

15.45

0.500

322.6

2 1/2″

63.5

3.165

19.31

0.625

403.2

3″

76.2

3.798

23.17

0.750

483.9

4″

101.6

5.065

30.90

1.000

645.2

5″

127

6.331

38.62

1.250

806.5

6″

152.4

7.597

46.34

1.500

967.7

8″

203.2

10.130

61.79

2.000

1,290.3

10″

254

12.662

77.24

2.500

1,612.9


5/16″

1 1/2″

7.95

38.1

2.378

14.51

0.469

302.9

2″

50.8

3.170

19.34

0.626

403.9

2 1/2″

63.5

3.963

24.17

0.782

504.8

3″

76.2

4.756

29.01

0.939

605.8

4″

101.6

6.341

38.68

1.252

807.7

5″

127

7.926

48.35

1.565

1,009.7

6″

152.4

9.511

58.02

1.878

1,211.6

8″

203.2

12.682

77.36

2.504

1,615.4

10″

254

15.852

96.70

3.130

2,019.3

MEDIDA
ESTÁNDAR axb

PESO TEÓRICO

ÁREA

Pulg.

mm

kg/m

kg/pza. *

pulg2

mm2

3/8″

1 1/2″

9.525

38.1

2.849

17.38

0.563

362.90

2″

50.8

3.798

23.17

0.750

483.87

2 1/2″

63.5

4.748

28.96

0.938

604.84

3″

76.2

5.698

34.76

1.125

725.81

4″

101.6

7.597

46.34

1.500

967.74

5″

127

9.496

57.93

1.875

1,209.68

6″

152.4

11.395

69.51

2.250

1,451.61


1/2″

1 1/2″

12.700

38.1

3.798

23.17

0.750

483.87

2″

50.8

5.065

30.90

1.000

645.16

2 1/2″

63.5

6.331

38.62

1.250

806.45

3″

76.2

7.597

46.34

1.500

967.74

4″

101.6

10.129

61.79

2.000

1,290.32

5″

127

12.661

77.23

2.500

1,612.90

6″

152.4

15.194

92.68

3.000

1,935.48

8″

203.2

20.258

123.57

4.000

2,580.64

10″

254.0

25.322

154.46

5.000

3,225.80


5/8″

1 1/2″

15.875

38.1

4.748

28.96

0.938

604.84

2″

50.8

6.331

38.62

1.250

806.45

2 1/2″

63.5

7.913

48.27

1.563

1,008.06

3″

76.2

9.496

57.93

1.875

1,209.68

4″

101.6

12.661

77.23

2.500

1,612.90

5″

127

15.827

96.54

3.125

2,016.13

6″

152.4

18.992

115.85

3.750

2,419.35

8″

203.2

25.322

154.46

5.000

3,225.80

10″

254.0

31.654

193.09

6.250

4,032.25


3/4″

1 1/2″

19.050

38.1

5.698

34.76

1.125

725.81

2″

50.8

7.597

46.34

1.500

967.74

2 1/2″

63.5

9.496

57.93

1.875

1,209.68

3″

76.2

11.395

69.51

2.250

1,451.61

4″

101.6

15.194

92.68

3.000

1,935.48

5″

127

18.992

115.85

3.750

2,419.35

6″

152.4

22.790

139.02

4.500

2,903.22

8″

203.2

30.388

185.37

6.000

3,870.96

10″

254.0

37.984

231.70

7.500

4,838.70


1″

2″

25.400

50.8

10.129

61.79

2.000

1,290.32

3″

76.2

15.194

92.68

3.000

1,935.48

4″

101.6

20.258

123.57

4.000

2,580.64

5″

127

25.323

154.47

5.000

3,225.80

6″

152.4

30.387

185.36

6.000

3,870.96

8″

203.2

40.516

247.15

8.000

5,161.28

10″

254.0

50.646

308.94

10.000

6,451.60

El peso por pieza corresponde a un tramo de 6.10 mts de longitud.

Vigas

Propiedades y medidas viga IPS

PERALTE

PESO

ÁREA

PATÍN

ALMA

EJEX-X

EJE Y – Y

pulg.

mm

kg/m

cm2

Ancho

Espesor

Espesor

I

s

r

I

s

r

mm

mm

mm

cm4

cm3

cm

cm4

cm3

cm

3

76.20

8.48

10.52

59.00

6.60

4.30

103.3

27.10

3.12

19.10

6.50

1.35

4

101.60

11.46

14.26

67.64

7.44

4.90

248.3

48.90

4.17

32.10

9.50

1.50

5

127.00

14.88

18.52

76.30

8.28

5.44

503.3

79.30

5.21

51.20

13.40

1.65

6

152.40

18.60

23.29

84.63

9.12

5.89

906.8

119.00

6.25

77.00

18.20

1.83

8

203.20

27.38

34.90

101.62

10.82

6.88

2,397.5

235.97

8.28

155.25

30.48

2.11

Tabla de especificación de vigas para claros determinados

CLARO

USO ENTREPISO

USO AZOTEA

mts.

Separación entre vigas (mts.)

 

 

 

 

 

 

0.90

1.00

1.10

0.90

1.00

1.10

2.50

4"

4"

4"

4"

4"

4"

3.00

4"

4"

4"

4"

4"

4"

3.20

4"

4"

5"

4"

4"

4"

3.40

4"

5"

5"

4"

4"

4"

3.50

5"

5"

5"

4"

4"

5"

3.60

5"

5"

5"

4"

4"

5"

3.80

5"

5"

5"

4"

5"

5"

4.00

5"

5"

5"

5"

5"

5"

4.20

5"

5"

5"

5"

5"

5"

4.40

5"

6"

6"

5"

5"

5"

4.50

6"

6"

6"

5"

5"

6"

4.60

6"

6"

6"

5"

5"

6"

4.80

6"

6"

6"

6"

6"

6"

5.00

6"

6"

8" L

6"

6"

6"

5.20

6"

8" L

8" L

6"

8" L

8" L

5.40

8" SP

8" SP

8"

8" L

8" L

8" SP

5.60

8" SP

8"

8"

8" L

8” SP

8" SP

5.80

8"

8"

8"

8"

8"

8"

6.00

8"

8"

8"

8"

8"

8"

Datos para el cálculo de viguería para bóveda de ladrillo

USO

CARGA MUERTA

CARGA VIVA

FY

Kg/m2

Kg/m2

Kg/m2

Entrepiso

300

250

2,530

Azotea

300

150

Las vigas se consideran simplemente apoyadas y lateralmente soportadas.

IPR Perfil I

Rectangular (IR)

Descripción

Ib/pie

kg/m

Área

Peralte (d)

Espesor del alma (tw)

Patín

Eje X – X

Eje Y – Y

ancho (bf)

espesor (tf)

l

S

r

I

S

r

cm2

mm

mm

mm

mm

cm4

cm3

cm

cm4

cm3

cm

 

9

13.4

17.29

150

4.32

100

5.5

683

91

6.3

91

18

2.3

6″ x 4″

12

17.9

22.90

153

5.84

102

7.1

920

120

6.3

124

25

2.3

 

16

23.8

30.58

160

6.60

102

10.3

1336

167

6.6

184

36

2.5

 

15

22.3

28.58

152

5.84

152

6.6

1220

160

6.6

388

51

3.7

6″ x 6″

20

29.8

37.87

157

6.60

153

9.3

1727

220

6.8

554

72

3.8

 

25

37.2

47.35

162

8.13

154

11.6

2231

275

6.9

712

92

3.9

 

10

14.9

19.10

200

4.32

100

5.2

1282

128

8.2

87

17

2.1

8″ x 4″

13

19.3

24.77

203

5.84

102

6.5

1648

162

8.2

114

22

2.1

 

15

22.3

28.65

206

6.22

102

8.0

1998

193

8.4

142

28

2.2

8″ x 5 1/4″

18

26.8

33.94

207

5.84

133

8.4

2576

249

8.7

332

50

3.1

21

31.3

39.74

210

6.35

134

10.2

3134

298

8.9

407

61

3.2

8″ x 6 1/2″

24

35.7

45.68

201

6.22

165

10.2

3442

342

8.7

762

92

4.1

28

41.7

53.23

205

7.24

166

11.8

4079

398

8.8

903

109

4.1

 

31

46.1

58.90

203

7.24

203

11.0

4579

451

8.8

1544

152

5.1

 

35

52.1

66.45

206

7.87

204

12.6

5286

511

8.9

1773

174

5.2

8″ x 8″

40

59.5

75.48

210

9.14

205

14.2

6077

582

9.0

2044

200

5.2

48

71.4

90.97

216

10.16

206

17.4

7659

708

9.2

2535

246

5.3

 

58

86.3

110.32

222

12.95

209

20.6

9490

852

9.3

3126

300

5.3

 

67

99.7

127.10

229

14.48

210

23.7

11321

990

9.4

3688

351

5.4

 

12

17.9

22.84

251

4.83

101

5.3

2239

179

9.9

91

18

2.0

10″ x 4″

15

22.3

28.45

254

5.84

4 102

6.9

2868

226

10.0

120

24

2.1

17

25.3

32.19

257

6.10

102

8.4

3409

265

10.3

148

29

2.1

 

19

28.3

36.26

260

6.35 k

102

10.0

4008

308

10.5

179

35

2.2

 

22